Characteristics of robust institutions
The design principles were originally outlined in Governing the Commons (1990). They identify core underlying “best practices” or factors (i.e., rules and structures) that characterize robust institutions for the governance of common-pool resources (CPR).
Successful or robust CPR institutions are developed by resource users/participants and are determined in two ways:
- The likelihood of increasing a CPR’s long-term sustainability and,
- Their permanence over time (across generations) based upon the compliance of participants to these rules-in-use.
These institutions are usually also absent in failed CPR cases.