Training scholars lies at the core of the Ostrom Workshop’s educational mission. The culmination of each Y673 seminar is a mini-conference. Students and visiting scholars write papers to be presented before their colleagues. Instructors assign a Workshop Affiliated Faculty to discuss—that is, summarize, praise, and criticize—each paper. Students then can take up to 5 minutes to respond. Finally, we open the floor to questions from the general audience. A Workshop tradition, the mini-conference continues to be a productive event for instructors, discussants, audience—but especially for our students.​